Susana González Reyero (IH), junto a Rafael Fort (IGEO, UCM-CSIC) y Teresa Chapa (UCM), publica un artículo en la prestigiosa revista "Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences"
Susana González Reyero (IH, CCHS-CSIC) coautora junto a Rafael Fort (IGEO, UCM-CSIC) y Teresa Chapa (UCM) del artículo "Selective use of limestone in Iberian Iron Age sculptures and monuments: a case study from Jutia (Albacete, Spain)" en la revista Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.
The Iron Age societies of the southeastern Iberian Peninsula, like their Greek and Etruscan counterparts, used stone sculptures to decorate their sanctuaries and cemeteries. Limestone was the raw material used. While abundant throughout the region, it was not always of sufficient quality to implement the iconographic projects at hand. This paper describes a study of Jutia monument (fourth to second centuries BCE), an architectural structure supporting a number of zoomorphic sculptures. Located at a distance from any major city of the time, the sculptor’s workshop had to select the best materials in the surrounds. The present study aims to establish the origin of the limestone used and ascertain how decisions were made and collective work invested to build this monument. A geological study of the possible areas of origin is supplemented with the petrological characterisation of the respective outcropped materials and the archaeological elements recovered. Colour parameters, ultrasound pulse velocity (UPV) and limestone hardness and geochemical composition, the latter using a handheld XRF instrument, are also determined. The findings reveal that the figures were sculpted from Upper Miocene calcarenite or sandy limestones quarried at around 3 km from the site. In contrast, other parts of the building were erected with bioclastic limestone from the immediate surrounds, at just 200 m from the monument.
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. March 2019, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 853–870